Thursday, July 22, 2004

Hammorabi: Life under Saddam

from Hammorabi:

Psychological and social crimes of this kind which destroyed the Iraqi society and personality for many generations should be included as one of his major crimes during his trial.

1. Hanging in the public places
2. Charging the families the price of the bullets used to kill their beloved ones. The family have to sign a statement that their son is a traitor and are prevented from mourning the death. (This happened to my grandfather after Saddam's regime executed his two sons. Few days after their execution the security men informed him of the death by requesting the price of the bullets).
3. Using the rat poison to kill the detainees. It happened to my uncle who was only 13 years old.
4. Undercover killings by poisoning food or drink. It happened to many highly educated people e.g. university lecturers etc.
5. He killed his cousin Dr Raji Tikriti after Kuwait invasion by putting him in a cage with 25 starved dogs. The dogs attacked Raji Tikriti in front of Saddam ministers. After few minutes Raji was bones with out meat!
6. They could arrest up to the 6th degree relatives of the detained person for no reason but to make him confess by torturing and humiliating them in front of him. This happened to my father's cousin and his 15 years old son after they arrested his eldest son.
7. Smuggling escaped people from outside Iraq and killing them. This happened to my cousin after they arrested and killed his brother who was only a teenager. His family only discovered that he was killed after the liberation of Iraq in 9th April 2003. Before that they thought that he was in the Europe. He was in fact smuggled from Kuwait when the relations were OK between Saddam and the Kuwaiti government in 1980s and executed by Saddam's Mukhabarat.
8. Putting many prisoners in one small cell as to deprive them from rest and sleep.
9. Using dark and isolated cells deep under ground. The prisoner receives a piece of bread and water or soup through a hole opened once a day.
10. Horror cells by using different ways to horrify the prisoner.
11. Teeth pulling
12. Immersion of the person in a tank filled with strong acid until he or she dissolves away
13. Burning body by Cigarettes
14. Hanging body from the arms which are tied to the back and hanging a heavy stone in the penis and the testes which could be increased until he confesses.
15. Udy and Qusay Saddam and Some other relatives like the brothers of Sajeda Telfah Saddam's wife used to go to Abo Ghareeb Prison and select haphazardly a group from the prisoners and execute them while laughing in front of the others.

[Picture: Uday S Hussien learing to execute prisoners as a teenager]

16. Decapitating children in front of their mothers
17. Putting children in a sac with starved cats.
18. Confiscating lands or farms or houses by force. The biggest confiscator was Saddam's Uncle Khiraallah Telfah.
19. The whole of Iraq turned into a big prison. No one was allowed to travel outside the country before an extensive evaluation by the security police about him and his family.
20. When people used to go to collect their salaries or conduct any official business they would be requested to fill out forms which would almost certainly contain the following sections a) Status with regards to membership of the Baath party. b) Involvment in military service and financial contribution during Saddam's wars. c) Disclosure of any relative close or distant executed by the regime. If you have such a relative and admit to it will have sever implications. Saying no in such case would result in sever prosecution if it is followed up.
21. In 1980s Saddam forced the people to donate Gold and money for his Qaddesiha (his war with Iran) which was supported by the west. Every single woman had to donate. The Baathist used to go from door to door harassing the people to give generously otherwise they would black list them.
22. Baathists use to go to the street to collect people to serve in the People's army. One of the middle rank Baath members told to me one time that he feel so bad about it because his party request from him certain number of people and he said we have to do it or they kill us so he have to bring anything workers, farmers, students, old, children and so on just to satisfies his boss.
23. If you are working in any office or company or hospital you don't know who is spying on you. Usually the cleaner or the porter or your colleague who behave like your dearest friend yet may send you to death within seconds. So no one can trust any one. Every one remembers Saddam 1980s when he met a father who killed his son. The father was psychopath but Saddam showed him in the TV during his meeting as a hero because he punished his son who was absent from the duty in the war as a solider. In actual fact the son was in his leave from his army unit! His step mother drove the father to kill his son for other reasons. The father excuse for the killing that he was a deserter. During that meeting Saddam encouraged the wife to spy on her husband and the father and brothers on each others and so on. There was a wife who doesn't like her husband. She told them that he put the TV off when they show Saddam in it (he was in the TV all the time in 1980s). The husband was taken away and executed.
They then start to teach the children in schools to spy on their parents. At least one father executed to death after the innocent son told the teacher that his father spit on Saddam when he appear on the TV.
If you are a 3rd person among 3 people and the other 2 criticize the regime even indirectly you will be executed with them even if you were not involved in the talk but merely kept silent about it i.e. it is an executable crime not to report such conversations.

In one sentence Iraq was a big prison and Saddam's lust was to humiliate the Iraqis especially Shia and Kurds.

This is not a conclusive list but only little of what were documented as frequent tortures under the Baathist Saddam regime.

1. Plugging the eyes.
2. Pulling the nails.
3. Cutting hands and legs by.
4. Tying and applying pressure on the eyes.
5. Al Manganah: this is a tool formed from two iron plates and a manual compressor. They put the victim's head in between the plates and press them together to sequeeze the head gradually while requesting him or her to confess (see picture)
6. Putting a squeezable iron ring around the neck of the victim to confess or to strangulate him.
7. Putting the victim tied on his back then they bring an obese man to stand over his chest for a while.
8. Squeezing the fingers in the door's groove while closing it.
9. Pressing the body between two movable walls until he die or confess.
10. Putting one of the chair legs over the jaw or the forehead of the victim and one of the security men sit on it.
11. Passing electric current in the sensitive parts of the body like the nipples, the ears, the gentilia, the nose, the buttocks, the fingers and so on.
12. Electric chair: making the victim to sit on a chair with 5 electric leads fixed to its back. If opened it send painful electric current to the victim.
13. Immersion in a pool of water connected to electrical current.
14. Attaching two aluminium leads; one to the neck from the back and one in the lower part into the coccyx and passing electricity in an alternating mode between both sites.
15. Attaching the whole back into a rod then passing ascending or descending electric current in it.
16. Putting the victim on a chair with spring which could throw the victim 2-3 meters away.
17. Al Dolab: this is a wheel to which they attached the victim and make it to wind so as to tear the victim a part.
18. Strip of the skin with razor or nailing it with nails or screws.
19. Drilling the hands or foot or any part with the electric drill.
20. Using carpentry and farming tools to torture the victim.
21. Putting the victim on a cylinder of its size and put it in a revolving machine to make it rotate quickly.
22. Fixing an iron bar in the mouth and gas cylinders on the back and asking the victim to carry it until he loss his consciousness.
23. Inserting big needles in the tongue of the victim after holding it out and tying the hands and legs so as he or she can’t take these needles out.
24. Tying the hands with iron bar in a horizontal way then connecting him into a rotator so as one time his head is up and the other time it is down with the whole body rotating.
25. Inflicting a razor wound while shaving the beard and not allowing the victim to leave the beard after that.
26. Al Thalagha Al Kahrabaiyiah: This is a term used by the security men to describe a box in which they tie the victims hands up and his legs down while he is locked in that box. Then they open freezing water on the hands and feet. On the same time they put electrical leads on both maxillae and when the current and water open they start to beat him over the heads and nose until they break the nose. This is a comprehensive pain inflicting in the whole body!
27. Forcing the victim to stand on one leg with both arms lifted up ward. As soon as he or she put his leg or hands down they will start a session of beating the victim with different kinds of sticks including special rubber ones.
28. Tying the victims to each other while they are naked for long time then asking them to beat each others or striking their heads against each other.
29. Putting an iron hood over the head and striking over it until he start to vomit or get sever headache and shock. Most of these victims will get lasting psychological and neurological disorders.
30. Slapping the victim on his ear to burst the ear drum before executing him or her.
31. Breaking the nose with a hammer.
32. Tying the victims hands to the back and hanging him for many hours from the hands.
33. Pulling the victim with robes tied into a car over a hard road then putting salt or acid over the broken skin.
34. If the victim complain from pain in one part they stand over it and break it
35. Sleep deprivation while he is hanged on a chair.
36. Not allowing the victim to go to the toilet until they decided the time and the period to stay.
37. Putting him in small cells that he can’t sit or lying down so as to sleep while standing.
38. Not allowing the victims to practice their religious prayers or to have their holly books.
39. Pulling the hairs from different part of the body so as some of the flesh may be pulled as well.
40. Keeping the victim in a dark cell for long time then exposing them for very bright light.
41. Closing the nose for long time so the victim only breath from mouth
42. Tying the legs and hands and pushing him down stair.
43. Tying the eyes and forcing him to run over the barbed wires or hot oil.
44. Closing the wounds by the security men with a sewing needle without anaesthesia or sterilization.
45. Tying the upper limbs with lower limbs with different positions from back and front for long times.
46. Preventing medication for those who suffers from chronic disease like asthma or diabetes etc.
47. Giving old bad food and partially cooked.
48. Breaking the ear cartilage.
49. Using the iron to burn the body.
50. Tying the victim on a cross of iron and making it to rotate over a fire like the barbeque.
51. Inserting the head in a box with very bright light which will damage the retina
52. Putting him in the melting tar.
53. Burn by using hot bars.
54. Putting a alcohol which is used for sterilization over the body and lit it with fire and repeating it in different parts.
55. Bowring hot water in the mouth of the victim.
56. Halakat Khateem Al Baseer: (the ring of stamping of the sight) this is a term used by the security men to describe a ring of iron heated to become red. They put it over the eyebrows to cause swelling and inflammation of the eye.
57. The lower part of the body of the victim immersed in a container with hot vapour and water and suddenly they drop the water temperature to cold.
58. Putting the whole body in a freezing cold water in the winter.
59. Shaving the hair completely and putting the victim under dripping cold water.
60. Injecting hot water in the rectum.
61. Depriving the victim from water.
62. Using crane to lift the victim and submerge him in alternate hot and cold water
63. Different kinds of threats and humiliation.
64. Forcing him to see the tortures of the other victim or to hear their screaming.
65. Forcing him to kiss their shoes especially if he is educated person.
66. Painting half of the face or shaving half of the hair to make mockery of him.
67. Keeping the body of the executed victim for days with the rest of the prisoners until it become smelly.
68. Forcing the victim to become a dog or a donkey with a rob around his neck and have to make sounds like them. If he refuses they will beat him.
69. They force the victim to work as a slave for the security men.
70. Taking photos for him naked in shameful positions and release him or her to do spying work on her or his family and friends.
71. They torture one victim until shock then they put him on a table and gather the others to see. They take square head wood bars and beat the head of the shocked victim until it become flat over the surface.
72. They pierce the nose of those who are to be executed and drag them with rob to the other prisoners before the execution party.
73. Immersion in the septic tank for long time.
74. Forcing the victim to drink the urine or to eat excrement!
75. Forcing the religious victims to do the opposite of what their religion do.
76. Putting the victims in the mental health hospitals and treat them as psychiatric patients.
77. Injecting the women with male hormones (testosterone) so their voices become harsh and the hair grow over their bodies.
78. Cutting the woman breasts.
79. Al Kamasha: this is a tool used to pull the toes or fingers with force.
80. Nailing the ear on the wall with a screw or a nail and leaving him for a while unable to sleep or move.
81. Forcing the victim to rape another shocked victim!
82. Raping the victims is common.
83. Pushing air inside the rectum until shock.
84. Hanging the women naked during their period so as the blood will come down over the legs and the body.
85. Many women gave birth to children from the security men (raped frequently)
86. Exposing the testes after tying the victim then playing or squeezing them or putting insects over them until death or shock.
87. Tying the father with his daughter face to face and naked or the brother with his sister and so on.
88. Putting rubber tubes in the rectums of the victims.
89. Tearing the mouth or the anus or the vagina by the hands of the security men.
90. Urinating or defecating on the victims after tying them.

Points for the Prosecution